Puerto Rico is an archipelago located in the Caribbean with approximately 3.7 million inhabitants in an area of 3,515 square miles. Due to its location, Puerto Rico is issued over one hundred weather-related emergency warnings per year and records daily seismic activities. Furthermore, it is estimated that approximately 85% of the consumable products in Puerto Rico are imported. Due to the vulnerability of Puerto Rico to natural disasters and its dependence on imports, it is imperative that Puerto Ricans are made aware of the essential household items necessary for survival during and after an event. This study presents a consolidated household preparedness emergency list for an average family of four including details such as items: duration, type, estimated cost, amount recommended per family per week, and manufacturing location(s). The emergency list is obtained based on a meta-analysis of three existing emergency item lists created by three different government agencies: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the American Red Cross, and the Department of Consumer Affairs of Puerto Rico (DACO). The proposed emergency list has received endorsements from several emergency experts.
The Puerto Rico's World's Best 10K Race (WB10K) is a yearly international event with approximately 10,000 participants per year. The WB10K race is recognized as one of the best races in the world by the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF); with ﬁve consecutive Gold Label awards. In an effort to further improve the WB10K, this study quantiﬁes number of times a runner passed another runner during the race in the past three editions. This information is then used to assess the effectiveness of the current rule for assigning runners to starting positions in the race (i.e. starting placement rule). Lastly, a regression-based starting placement rule is compared to the current placement rule and to a random placement rule.